Dimensional Fund Advisors has an investment approach that is structured and simple to monitor. They believe that over time, a well-structured investment approach will add value with a higher reliability and confidence level than one based on instinct and prediction. Dimensional Fund Advisors does not actively pick stocks or passively track commercial indexes but instead structures portfolios along the dimensions of rick and return as identified through financial science.Dimensional is widely acknowledged for their practical application of seminal financial research. Initially their strategies were based on research into the performance of small cap stocks. Later, a more comprehensive look at stock price behavior for the entire universe ofUScompanies has deepened their strategies and set a new standard for performance measure and portfolio design.
Bear Market – an 18-to-24 month period when the kids get no allowance, the wife gets no jewelry, and the husband gets no sex. — Investor’s Glossary
October 9, 2008 marked the one-year anniversary of the bear market in U.S. equities. This seemed like a good occasion to review the performance of all the portfolios presented in Ben Stein’s and my book, Yes, You Can Supercharge Your Portfolio. The book was published in December 2007 and the portfolios it contains were devised in sunnier times, during the preceding summer. Our goal was to popularize Modern Portfolio Theory among retail investors, and we relied heavily on Geoff Considine’s Quantext Monte Carlo simulator [QPP]. Had we known the stock market would decline almost 50% after constructing the didactic portfolios in the book, we would have titled it Yes, You Can Put Brakes On Your Portfolio’s Descent into Hell.
Here follows a performance update on the portfolios discussed in the book over the market’s decline this past year.
We called our initial portfolio the “Apple Pie” portfolio [70 percent total U.S. Stock Market (VTSMX), 25 percent MSCI EAFE Index (FSIIX), and 5 percent MSCI Emerging Markets Index (VEIEX)] because it looked like the sort of standard pie-chart portfolio recommended to expense-conscious, indexing investors.
Ben Stein and I wrote Yes, You Can Supercharge Your Portfolio to demonstrate the practical value of Modern Portfolio Theory to a mass audience. It had long struck us that many investors still operate under a pre-Markowitz paradigm, trying to outperform the market by picking hot stocks and five-star mutual funds. In the book, we argue that a better approach is to seek massive diversification among and within asset classes in order to attain the best risk/return tradeoff for a portfolio. We further recommend that portfolios should be checked through forward-looking Monte Carlo simulations, and provide some practical examples. In contrast, merely extrapolating from historical returns to an asset allocation can lead to poorly-performing allocations, as shown in William Bernstein’s The Intelligent Asset Allocator. Forward-looking models can provide more realistic estimates of future risk and return.
After years of growing separation between Consumer Directed Healthcare and older healthcare insurance plans such as PPOs, a major study found a significant cost difference in 2011.
The respected Kaiser Family Foundation employer survey identified what many experts have been saying: Health Savings Account and Health Reimbursement Account insurance premiums are significantly lower overall than other plans.
The gap in premiums between HSAs and older benefit designs is being described as huge by pundits in the field. The based this conclusion on the findings of the new Kaiser Family Foundation employer survey just released.
According to KFF, HSAs have 18% lower premiums. HRAs are at least 3% lower-priced for the average employer-paid family premium across the U.S.
The average 2011 HRA family premium is reported as $14,909 a year in the U.S. and the average HSA premium is $12,655, compared with $15,363 for non-CDH plans. All three are paid for with different out-of-pocket cost combinations: HSAs have the highest OOP cost but are the fastest-growing, HMOs have the lowest OOP cost but are the least-popular option.
These premium differences are clearly driving adoption. Using the KFF definition, CDHPs are offered to almost 25% of all workers nationwide, and the latest survey finds that 17% of all employees are now in an HSA or HRA. The most telling stat: 84% of all employers now offer only one type of plan.
These same pundits argue this bodes well for total replacement HSA or HRAs going forward.
According to JoAnn M. Laing, chairperson of Information Strategies, Inc. which has surveyed and monitored the HSA sector since its inception, “the promise of HSAs as a vehicle to reduce overall healthcare insurance costs for individuals and employers is being borne out.”
“Our studies have shown that once HSAs (and HRAs) gained traction growth would move on a high level in ensuing years. 2011 proved to be the tipping point.
Healthcare insurance options offered by businesses show that CDHPs are moving up fast on offer rate: 23% across all firms. HMOs are offered at 16% of firms, and “POS” is at 24%. Pure PPOs without any account are still strong, but just fell to a 50% offer rate across all firms. CDHPs have the second-highest offer rate (behind PPOs) in firms with over 200 workers.
One of the most common ways that financial advisors demonstrate a value proposition to clients is to help clients manage their own behavioral biases and misconceptions; simply put, we help to keep clients from hurting themselves through impulsive, emotionally driven investment decisions. Of course, hopefully most financial planners do more than “just” keep their clients from making bad investment decisions, but it is nonetheless an important starting point. Accordingly, a recent NBER study tried to test this, in what has been characterized as an “advisor sting” study – where the researchers actually went undercover to the offices of advisors, to see what kind of advice would be provided in various scenarios, and unfortunately the results were not terribly favorable to advisors. However, a look under the hood reveals a significant methodological flaw with the NBER study – simply put, they failed to control for whether the people they sought out for advice actually had the training, education, experience, and regulatory standards to even be deemed advisors in the first place, and in fact appear to have sampled extensively from a pool of salespeople with little or no advisory training or focus. As a result, the study might have been better classified as a “salesperson sting” study simply showing that non-advisory salespeople don’t give good advice, regardless of the title they put on their business card. Is that really news to anyone, though?
The inspiration for today’s blog post is a recently released National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) working paper entitled “The Market for Financial Advice: An Audit Study” by Sendhil Mullainathan, Markus Noeth, and Antoinette Schoar. The stated purpose of the research was noble: to examine the question of whether financial advisors undo, or reinforce, the behavioral biases and misconceptions of their clients? In other words, at the most basic level – do advisors help their clients to make better investment decisions.
How much of your money do you actually see? In your hands? In your wallet?
If I had to guess, it would be somewhere less than 5% of your total income. You can even include checks that you write in that amount. I’m guessing you write one or two per month. I own my own company, and I’m averaging fewer than 1 check per month.
Our money flows around us invisibly. The money we earn gets directly deposited into the bank. We set up automatic payments for our mortgage, loan payments, insurance, and anything else that we can automate. We swipe our cards and pay for clothes at the department store, groceries, and dining out. I can even pay for coffee at Starbucks now with my phone.And is it any wonder that we feel like we don’t really have the control of our finances that we’d like?Now, I’m not suggesting you switch to cashing your payroll checks at the bank and using envelopes in a drawer to manage your finances. I am suggesting that we do need to take extra steps to have control of our money, since we don’t carry it around in our wallets any longer.
As employment pension plans are being replaced by 401(k)s, we need to be mindful of any potential changes to tax treatment of these widely used retirement vehicles. An interesting article was recently published from Kelly Greene which cautions us that the tax treatments of these plans could be altered by a government which is in desperate need of raising revenue. Here are the 5 questions that are brought up and answered in this article.
1. Why are retirement accounts being scrutinized now?
2. Why would Congress tinker with the retirement plans they already have set up?
3. What proposals to increase tax revenue, or boost retirement savings, are on the table?
4. If Congress alters tax deferrals, will people still put money away?
5. How much do these plans cost the government in lost revenue?